Screenings, Lifestyle Adjustments Can Decrease Your Breast Cancer Risk

Be Healthy

In the United States, breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death among women. 

Though some women are at an elevated risk for developing breast cancer, the majority of women who get breast cancer don’t fall into specific high-risk categories. 

Research has found that there are many lifestyle choices women can make to help reduce their chance of developing breast cancer. 

"The most important thing a woman can do to reduce her breast cancer risk is to get a screening mammogram," says Dr. Jami Fukui, a breast medical oncologist at Kapiolani Medical Center for Women & Children

"Current screening guidelines supported by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) state that annual screening mammograms should start at age 40," adds Fukui, who also is an associate professor and researcher at the University of Hawaii Cancer Center. "Screening mammograms have decreased the rates of women dying from breast cancer due to early detection."

Other simple adjustments a woman can make in her everyday life that can help lower the risk for breast cancer include the following: 

  • Eat a low-fat diet rich in vegetables, fruits and whole grains.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Exercise! Experts recommend women perform some form of physical activity – walking, swimming, hiking, etc. – for a minimum of 30 minutes, three days a week.
  • Get between six to eight hours of good-quality sleep every night. Studies have found that sleeping less than five hours a night lowers the immune system, making it easier to get sick and harder to recover from illness.
  • Cut down or quit drinking alcohol.
  • Don’t smoke, and if you do, quit. 

"Women should talk with their primary care physician about their personal risk factors and what screenings are right for them," Fukui says.

To learn more about breast cancer screenings and other preventive health screenings, visit the Hawaii Pacific Health Cancer Centers microsite.



Published on: September 27, 2023